Branko Milanović (October 24, 1953) is a Serbian-American economist. A development and inequality specialist, he is since January 2014 visiting presidential professor at City University of New York Graduate Center and an affiliated senior scholar at the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). He was formerly the lead economist in the World Bank's research department, visiting professor at University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University. Between 2003 and 2005 he was senior associate at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington.
He has published a large number of papers, including some 40 for the World Bank, mainly on world inequality and poverty. His 2005 book, Worlds Apart covered global income disparity between countries as well as between all individuals in the world. His joint work with Jeffrey Williamson and Peter Lindert was considered by The Economist to "contain the germ of an important advance in thinking about inequality".
Some of his most aclaimed works are Liberalization and Entrepreneurship. Dynamics of Reform in Socialism and Capitalism (1989), Income, Inequality, and Poverty during the Transition from Planned To Market Economy (1998), Worlds Apart. Measuring International and Global Inequality (2005), The Haves and the Have-Nots. A Brief and Idiosyncratic History of Global Inequality (2010), Global inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization (2016).